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CleanBench™
with Gimbal Piston™ Vibration Isolation




Overview
CleanBench™ is the next generation of our industry standard 63 series lab tables. TMC's vibration isolation lab tables lead the industry in performance and are ideal for a wide variety of applications including AFM, Confocal Microscopy, IVF, Patch-Clamping, Interferometry, and Metrology. CleanBench incorporates TMC's unique Gimbal Piston Vibration Isolators and a tabletop with enhanced performance and features.

 

 

Patent Pending




The CleanBench™ Advantage
Unique new table-top design (patent pending) combines the best features of TMC's CleanTop® steel honeycomb tops with our ultra-stiff, damped, layered platform design.

Greater stability,
especially for small size tables. The low profile, high density tops lower the overall floating center-of-mass ensuring inherently stability, even for relatively top-heavy payloads.

Guided thread lead-ins to align screws with tapped holes. The "bevel" shape eases engagement of the first thread.

Ergonomics optimized for the seated user by minimizing the thickness of the table-top. Other designs either offer 100 mm, 4 in. thick tops which awkwardly separate knees and elbows or sacrifice essential mass by offering a 50 mm, 2 in. thick honeycomb top which does not have adequate massfor effective vibration isolation, especially for smaller table sizes.




Features
CleanBench videoGimbal Piston Isolators —Unique new table-top design (patent pending) combines the best features of TMC's CleanTop® steel honeycomb tops with our ultra-stiff, damped, layered platform design.

Greater stability, especially for small size tables. The low profile, high density tops lower the overall floating center-of-mass ensuring inherently stability, even for relatively top-heavy payloads.

Guided thread lead-ins to align screws with tapped holes. The "bevel" shape eases engagement of the first thread.

Ergonomics optimized for the seated user by minimizing the thickness of the table-top. Other designs either offer 4" (100 mm) thick tops which awkwardly separate knees and elbows orsacrifice essential mass by offering a 2" (50mm) thick honeycomb top which does not have adequate mass for effective vibration isolation, especially for smaller table sizes.

Our Patented Gimbal Piston™ Isolator has been proven by independent tests to consistently outperform the competition. It achieves both horizontal and vertical isolation down to very low input levels.

Thin-Wall Rolling Diaphragms — An integral part of the Gimbal Piston, the thin-wall, dacron-reinforced, rolling diaphragm air seals are only 0.020 in. (0.5 mm) thick and extremely flexible. They do not stiffen the spring as thicker rubber diaphragms do.

Aluminum Height Control Valves — All systems are equipped with rugged aluminum height control valves. Virtually unbreakable, they are finger adjustable with no need for tools. The standard model maintains height to ± 0.050 in. (± 1 mm); the precision model, to ± 0.005 in. (± 0.1 mm).

Internal Piston Travel Restraint — Unique in the industry, TMC provides husky, tamper-proof, built-in piston travel restraints. The restraints are completely independent of the table valves and have been ram-tested at forces above those produced by the pistons operating at full pressure. They cannot be decoupled accidentally and do not interfere with setting up and using the table, but simply protect against over­travel without the use of external bars that create hazardous pinch points. Heavy loads, including the top plate, can be safely removed from a table in full operation.

Tiebar Gussets — Exclusive TMC tiebar gussets increase table frame rigidity. They compensate for the elimination of the front tiebar in order to provide kneewell space.

Rugged Built-in Leveling Feet — Table legs include built-in fine-thread 3 in. (75 mm) diameter screw jack levelers with 1/2 in. (13 mm) travel, provision for external adjustment, and a handy adjustment wrench. The base is a solid, slightly domed shape to assure solid, wobble-free contact with sloping or irregular floors.

Superior Table Tops — Our standard laminated tops provide an attractive stainless steel ferromagnetic working surface with highly damped, high stiffness construction at low cost. For applications requiring the ultimate stiffness and damping or mounting holes, specify our patented CleanTop® II honeycomb top.

CleanBench with Rigid LevelingCleanBench with Rigid Leveling

CleanBench is offered in an economical leveling mount option with rugged, adjustable jack screws that provide +2 1/2 and -0 in. (+62 and -0 mm) of travel. Later, you can upgrade the system to full vibration isolation performance, with a total cost only slightly more than if you had opted for this feature originally.

Guided thread lead-ins to align screws with tapped holes. The "bevel" shape eases engagement of the first thread.

Ergonomics optimized for the seated user by minimizing the thickness of the table-top. Other designs either offer 4" (100 mm) thick tops which awkwardly separate knees and elbows or sacrifice essential mass by offering a 2" (50mm) thick honeycomb top.

Tiebar Gussets — Exclusive TMC tiebar gussets increase table frame rigidity. They compensate for the elimination of the front tiebar in order to provide kneewell space. Rugged Built-in Leveling Feet Table legs include built-in fine-thread 3 in. (75 mm) diameter screw jack levelers with 1/2 in. (13 mm) travel, provision for external adjustment, and a handy adjustment wrench. The base is a solid, slightly domed shape to assure solid, wobble-free contact with sloping or irregular floors.

Superior Table Tops — Our standard laminated tops provide an attractive stainless steel ferromagnetic working surface with highly damped, high stiffness construction at low cost. For applications requiring the ultimate stiffness and damping or mounting holes, specify our patented CleanTop® II honeycomb top.


CleanBench top details





Specifications




Performance
CleanBench Compliance CurvesTable Top

Structural Damping determines how quickly an excited resonance in a table top decays. The simplest way to measure damping is to hit the table top with a hammer and measure the decay with an accelerometer and oscilloscope or spectrum analyzer. The height of a resonance peak in the "compliance curve" also measures damping.

Compliance
is a reciprocal measurement of the dynamic stiffness of a table top. The data are obtained by inputting a measured force to the table top with a calibrated hammer and measuring the resultant acceleration (or displacement) with an accelerometer. Compliance is the ratio of displacement to force expressed as a function of frequency.


Isolator Performance

All CleanBench tables incorporate TMC's Gimbal Piston Air Isolators as a standard feature. The Gimbal Piston has consistently shown to out-perform other air isolators in side-by-side testing. It offers outstanding low frequency vibration isolation in all axes and maintains its performance specifications even when subjected to extremely low input levels of excitation. Proprietary damping techniques allow the Gimbal Piston to stabilize relatively top-heavy payloads and quickly dissipate disturbances of the isolated table top.

Gimbal Piston IsolatorCleanBench Isolator Performance





Gimbal Piston™
All CleanBench tables incorporate TMC’s Gimbal Piston Air Isolators as a standard feature. The Gimbal Piston has consistently shown to out-perform other air isolators in side-by-side testing. It offers outstanding low frequency vibration isolation in all axes and maintains its performance specifications even when subjected to extremely low input levels of excitation. Proprietary damping techniques allow the Gimbal Piston to stabilize relatively top-heavy payloads and quickly dissipate disturbances of the isolated table top.

Benefits

  • Vertical and horizontal vibration isolation starting at 2 Hz
  • Reduces vibration by more than 95% at 10Hz
  • Virtually free of friction, avoiding rolling friction to static friction transitions
  • Accommodates horizontal displacement by acting as a gimbal
The Gimbal Piston™ Air Isolator provides outstanding isolation in all directions for even the lowest input levels. It is lightly damped and highly responsive to typical, low-amplitude ambient floor vibrations, yet achieves very high damping for gross transient disturbances, such as sudden load changes or bumping the top plate. The result is that Gimbal Piston Isolators provide superior isolation yet will virtually eliminate any gross disturbance within a few seconds. It can also stabilize isolated systems with relatively high centers of gravity without compromising isolation.

Low-Amplitude Input Response
Chart 1

The greatest challenge in designing an effective isolator is to maintain good performance at the low vibration amplitude inputs typical of ambient building floor vibration. Isolator specifications are often based on measurements done with the isolator placed on a “shaker table” with very high amplitude input levels. Such testing, with input amplitudes on the order of millimeters, yields unrealistic performance expectations and is misleading as results will not reflect the actual performance in use.

The Gimbal Piston Isolator design is unique in its ability to maintain its stated resonant frequency and high level of attenuation in even the most quiet, real, floor environments. The performance is linear to such low amplitudes because the design is virtually free of friction and therefore able to avoid rolling friction to static friction transitions.

Every other system that we have tested at levels typical for floor vibration exhibits either a higher resonant frequency than claimed or a substantial increase in transmission through the isolator mount.

We stress the importance of performance specifications at low levels because we have repeatedly observed, in our own testing and in many as-used installations, that better performance is much easier to achieve at greater amplitudes and higher frequencies.

Gimbal Piston Chart 3

Horizontal vs. Vertical Inputs

Our innovative Isolator allows a thin-wall, rolling diaphragm seal to accommodate horizontal displacement by acting as a gimbal. Instead of using a cable-type pendulum suspension, the Gimbal Piston Isolator carries the load on a separate top plate that has a rigid rod extending down into a well in the main piston. The bottom of the rod has a ball-end that bears on a hard, flat seat. The result is an inherently flexible coupling which allows horizontal flexure in the isolator as the ball simply rocks (without sliding or rolling) very slightly on the seat. The approach works extremely well, even with sub-microinch levels of input displacement, because the static friction is virtually the same as the rolling friction. Horizontal motion is simply converted to the usual vertical diaphragm flexure but out of phase: one side of the piston up, the other down, in a gimbal-like motion.

Horizontal vs Vertical

Limitations of Other Types of Isolators

Thick- Wall Rubber Diaphragms. Most commercial isolators employ an inexpensive, thick-walled rubber diaphragm in the piston to achieve vertical isolation. Because of the relative inflexibility of these elements, low amplitude vibration isolation performance is compromised. Though such a system feels “soft” to gross hand pressure, typical low-level floor vibration causes the rubber to act more like a rigid coupling than a flexible isolator.

Sealed Pneumatic Isolators (Passive). Sealed air isolators do not automatically adjust to load changes. The primary limitation of such systems is that they must be made too stiff to be effective isolators. For example, a passive isolator with a true 1.5 Hz resonant frequency would drift several inches vertically in response to small changes in load, temperature, or pressure and require constant manual adjustment. Thus, no practical sealed isolators are designed with such low resonant frequencies.

Bearing Slip Plates. In theory, bearing slip plates should allow horizontal isolation by their decoupling effect. In practice, for such a design to work at low amplitudes, it would require precision ground, hardened bearings with impossibly small tolerances. The commercially available versions cannot overcome the static frictional forces at low amplitudes to get the bearings rolling at all. In addition, all such systems are difficult to align initially and easily drift out of calibration.

Homemade Assemblies. Homemade isolation systems - often a steel or granite slab placed on rubber pads, tennis balls, or air bladders - will work only if the disturbing vibrations are high frequency and minimal isolation is required. While all isolators use the principle of placing a mass on a damped spring, their performance is differentiated primarily by spring stiffness: the stiffer the spring, the higher the resonant frequency. Thus, homemade solutions are limited by their high resonant frequency.

A Gimbal Piston™ Isolator with a 1.5 Hz vertical resonant frequency begins to isolate at 2 Hz and can reduce vibration by over 95% at 10 Hz. A tennis ball under a steel plate with a 7 Hz resonant frequency begins to isolate above 10 Hz and reduces vibrations by 90% at 30 Hz. But most building floors exhibit their highest vibrational displacements between 5 and 30 Hz, so that a tennis ball or rubber pad actually makes the problem worse by amplifying ambient frequencies between 5 and 10 Hz.

Comparative Performance

ArgonneArgonne
Photo courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory

Gimbal PIston™ Isolators are routinely used for the
most demanding electron microscope installations.





Accessories
Adjustable Steel Front Support Bar  mounts on the table’s front legs.It has a slot in which the shelves mount and is normally ordered with the armrest pads. The bar may be centered along the length of the table or cantilevered to either side, allowing for a wider sliding shelf to suit your application.

Adjustable Steel Rear Support Bar mounts on the rear table legs and supports the rear end of the sliding shelves. It may also be cantilevered to either side, allowing for a wider sliding shelf.

Both front and rear support bars can be retrofitted but cannot be used with the Full Perimeter Enclosure or Faraday Cage.


Retractable Casters have a total weight capacity of 1,000 lb (450 kg) and can be mounted to the base of the table legs. Casters are required when using the OnTrak™ feature.



Adjustable Armrest Pads fasten to the front support bar. TMC also offers an armrest pad that attaches to the Full Perimeter Enclosure.




White Laminate Sliding Shelves slide freely from side to side and are easily lifted off the support bars. Built-in stops prevent shelves from sliding out of slots. When ordering sliding shelves, you must order front and rear support bars.

Subshelf offers additional storage space. It can be mounted beneath the isolated table top and may be retrofitted.

Fixed Full-Perimeter Enclosure A welded-steel structure that completely surrounds the table top to provide nonisolated support for Faraday cages or other special fixtures. It cannot be used with sliding shelves or support bars. There is an 8 in. wide sliding shelf specifically for the Full Perimeter Enclosure and it is required for use with a Faraday Cage.

Precision Height Control Valves minimize bottled air supply usage, standard TMC height control valves have a small “dead band,” resulting in a height return accuracy of +/- 0.05 in. (+/- 1.3 mm). Precision valves control height to within +/- 0.005 in. but exhaust continuously.

To specify precision height control valves with a table, add the letter “P” after the basic table model number. (ie.: 63P-733) Precision valves may also be retrofitted to installed tables.

CleanBench Faraday Cage offers improved access and simplified assembly. It’s designed for shielding in electro-physiology type applications (60 Hz and harmonics). The “window-shade” retracting front panel is easy to operate and causes less disturbance when adjusted. The front panel may be positioned anywhere between fully opened and closed and stays in position without a fastener. This cage incorporates a steel frame and bronze-mesh material and mounts to a required full-perimeter enclosure. Our 40 in.(1 m) tall Faraday Cage includes a 2 in.(50 mm) diameter hole in the base of the side and rear panels. This feature eases cable interface to the interior of the cage. A new version of our armrest pads are compatible with our cages. They are identical to our non-Faraday Cage pads but adhere with Velcro





Ordering Chart




See Also
See Also CleanBench

OnTrak coupon